In 2006, professors from nine University of California campuses came together to create
the UC-CUBA Multi-Campus Academic Initiative. Headquartered at UC Irvine, UC-Cuba
has grown since then into a diverse and thriving international network of university
faculty, graduate students, and independent scholars, united by their shared passion
for all things Cuban.
Latest News & Events
Professors Burke and Fernandez visit to Cuba
Professor Nancy Burke and Raul Fernandez visited Havana (Dec12-18) to further UC-CUBA activities, develop potential new collaborations with local cultural institutions, and pursue their own research. Belos some highlights of the trip.
-We visited the Instituto de Historia de Cuba, the site of much archival research conducted by UC-CUBA doctoral students and discussed new ways of cementing our relationship with the Institute with its Director, historian Yoel Cordoví. Director Cordoví is also in the Editorial Board of the prestigious Cuban Studies journal published by the Center for Latin American Studies at the University of Pittsburgh. We were accompanied by one of our on-the-ground coordinators, Elba Capote.
-Professor Burke and Fernandez and Elba Capote visited the newly inaugurated Fidel Castro Center, a multipurpose institution similar in some ways to U.S. Presidential Libraries. We met with Director René González Barrios and were given a tour of the facilities. The research library, which contains a wealth of Castro’s documents, interviews, speech transcripts, etc., represents a significant resource for historical and political research.
- Professor Burke and I met with Isabel James (Geography, UCLA) one of the students organizing the next UC-CUBA graduate workshop to discuss details of the upcoming event (February 3, 2023) at UC Irvine. We held the meeting at the CUBA LIBRO Space, a circulating library of English-language books run by long-time American expatriate Conner Gorry. CUBA LIBRO houses several books from UC-CUBA faculty and alumni.
-We held discussions about future activities with our other on-the-ground supporters on the ground, Antonio Pérez and Marina Rodríguez.
-Professor Fernandez obtained several copies of his book Ontología del son, recently published in Cuba by Editorial Letras Cubana. This book contains 20 published and unpublished articles in Spanish, that he authored on Cuban music and musicians between 2005-2021 some of which appeared in earlier versions in academic and non-academic journals in Cuba, Puerto Rico, Colombia, as well as online. All articles were edited and revised for the published collection.
Radamés Giro - A great friend in the Cuban music family
Radamés Giro, musician, author, editor, and self-taught researcher and musicologist was a central figure of Cuban music over the last 50 years.
Perhaps his most striking work was the publication in 2007 of the monumental Diccionario enciclopédico de la música en Cuba (DEMC), four volumes in the original edition, which covers 1169 pages, more than 2,000 entries and 600 photos and scores. The fruit of 40 years of study and compilation, the "Diccionario de Radamés", as it came to be called, is of enormous use for writers, music and literature critics, researchers, journalists, record companies, disc jockeys, and all those who, being specialists or not, need references, ideas, and solid data about music in Cuba.
Born in Santiago de Cuba, Radamés grew up in musical surroundings par excellence. His house provided rehearsal space for the Conjunto Hermanos Giro, in which his father played tres and his uncles Carmelo and Claro guitar and conga respectively. One of Radamés’ first mentors was his maternal grandfather, the legendary sonero and guitarist Ángel Almenares. The young Radamés then studied formal guitar with Professor Esteban Castillo. In the end, Radamés put aside his potential as a concert musician, and for several years served as guitarist in several local musical ensembles, such as the group Avances del 56, the trio Los Románticos, the combo of Conrado Wilson, and as an accompanist of popular singers like bolerista Orlando Contreras.
As a result of an unfortunate incident in his adolescence, Radamés completely lost vision in one eye and suffered from limited vision in the other for the rest of his life. And yet this was no obstacle to the work he later developed as a researcher, author, and editor. In addition to the Diccionario, Radamés wrote several major studies of capital importance for the study of Cuban and Latin American music. Worth mentioning are his monographs on the history of the guitar in Cuba, the bolerista César Portillo del Luz, the Brazilian composer Heitor Villalobos, and the renowned guitarist, composer and conductor Leo Brouwer. Another work of great relevance is Cincuenta canciones en años de revolución, a selection made in collaboration with his wife Isabel González Sauto, which contains biographical notes and the scores of fifty songs that can represent as the authors say, "a chronicle of those fifty years", from 1959. The biographical notes, succinct but dense, constitute a small dictionary of 27 composers. The songs chosen by Giro and González Sauto range from the tearful to the erotic without skipping the political.
Radamés authored more than thirty articles for journals specializing in musical topics. As editor, beginning in the 1970s, Radamés oversaw the editing and publication of more than 100 titles dedicated to and/or including reissues of authors and composers such as Ignacio Cervantes, Leonardo Acosta, Argeliers León, Alejandro García Caturla, and Fernando Ortiz. Of particular significance was Radamés’ work in the search, edition, compilation, and dissemination of the totality of the work that Alejo Carpentier dedicated to music before and after the publication of Carpentier’s La Música en Cuba in 1946. The Museo Nacional de la música published Radames’ comprehensive edition of Carpentier's musical studies and commentary on it by several musicologists in La música en Cuba/Temas de la lira y del bongó.
Of notable importance too was the edition of a series of volumes based on interviews with dozens of Cuban musicians that make up an expansive oral history of Cuban popular music in the voice of its composers and performers, material of extraordinary value for the student of popular music, for example La música en persona by Erena Hernández, Ellos hacen la música by Raúl Martínez Rodríguez, y Cubanos en la música by Mayra Martínez. Two collections deserve particular note, El mambo, in which Giro makes a careful selection of texts aimed at differentiating between the various meanings of the word, and to find out who was its 'inventor' attributed, depending on the time and place, to Arsenio Rodríguez, Pérez Prado, Arcaño, and Cachao Lpez, among others; and the edited volume Panorama de la música popular cubana, with chapters dedicated to the history and character of every major genre of Cuban popular music. Finally, Giro supervised the translation and publication in 1973 of the Oxford Dictionary of Music, an essential reference for scholars of universal music. For his labors Radamés received the Distinción por la Cultura Nacional, the Raúl Gómez García and the Adolfo Guzmán Medals, and the Premio Nacional de Edición in 1999.
Of special interest is an interview conducted with him by writer Leonardo Padura which appears as a chapter in Padura’s Los rostros de la salsa. In his interventions Radamés establishes with safe and astute criteria the historical and technical relationship between salsa, as it was developed mostly by Nuyorican musicians, and the son and other genres of Cuban music.
During his lifetime Radamés shared his expertise with great generously with scholars inside and outside the country. There are numerous researchers in Cuba who sought his good advice. It is rare for an international researcher not to have consulted Radamés on matters related to Cuban music. Several foreign experts subsequently published notable studies on the subject. Radamés was a consultant for the Smithsonian Institution Latin Music Oral History Program lending his support for interviews with Richard Egües, Frank Emilio Flynn, Luis Carbonell, Celina González, Félix Guerrero, Enrique Bonne, Rodulfo Vaillant, Tata Güines and other artists in Havana and Santiago de Cuba in 1998-2004.
Given the well-deserved fame of Radamés Giro as a 'detective' of music in Cuba, we should not be surprised that the writer of 'detective' novels Leonardo Padura, himself an enthusiast of popular music, brilliantly incorporated the musicologist in his work La neblina del ayer, in which the character "Rafael" Giro, a faithful portrait of the Radams Giro of real life, assists as a musical specialist to homicide detective Mario Conde.
With Radams Giro’s death, Cuban musicology loses one of its great figures, a talented, generous, and collegial person. A great friend in the Cuban music family of his friends.
Unveristy of California, Irvine
"Personas decentes," just released novel by Leonardo Padura.
Cuban novelist Leonardo Padura just released his latest novel "Personas decentes." It represents the "come back" of detective Mario Conde. This book constitutes a new chapter in the saga that covers more than thirty years of writing. The plot is set in the days prior to the arrival of President Barack Obama on the island in the spring of 2016.
Celia Cruz in Los Angeles 1959
Celia Cruz made appearances in Los Angeles in the late 1950s in shows organized at the Hollywood Palladium and other venues by Mexican-American trombonist, bandleader, music promoter and radio announcer Lionel “Chico” Sesma.
Through his “Latin Holidays” concerts at the Hollywood Palladium “Chico” Sesma introduced Los Angeles audiences to Cuban artists and ensembles like Benny Moré, Sonora Matancera, Orquesta Aragón, and the Queen of Salsa Celia Cruz.
In the photo Celia Cruz at the Hollywood Palladium accompanied by the Orquesta Nuevo Ritmo de Cuba featuring local musicians Rolando Lozano, Pupi Legarreta and “Cuco” Martínez.
The Sun of Jesús del Monte
El sol de Jesús del Monte, a Cuban anti-slavery novel written by Andrés Avelino de Orihuela in 1852, the same year as Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin (which Orihuela had translated into Spanish), was neglected for 150 years until its republication in Spanish in 2008.
Virginia University Press has just released our colleague David Luis-Brown's translation and critical English edition THE SUN OF JESÚS DEL MONTE 2022.
The SUN OF JESÚS DEL MONTE is the only Cuban novel of its time to focus on La Escalera, the major anticolonial and slave insurrection o 1843–44. It offers readers the most detailed portrait of the everyday lives and plight of free people of color in Cuba in any novel up to the 1850s.
11th UC-Cuba Graduate Student Conference at UC Merced
Danzones lost for a century: Joyas Inéditas
For several decades the danzón was regarded as Cuba’s national dance. A novel mixture of the old Spanish contradanza and Afro-Cuban melodic and rhythmic elements, the first known danzón was premiered by Miguel Failde and his orchestra in Matanzas in 1879 and titled “Alturas de Simpson,” celebrating one of the city’s barrios.The danzón spread to the Dominican Republic, New Orleans, and Mexico, where even today it is cultivated with passion.
A handful of danzón scores from the late 19th century, lost in the archives of the city of Matanzas, lay forgotten for more than 100 years until they are now rescued. Joyas Inéditas of the Failde Orchestra contains four of the recovered danzones. The Failde Orchestra is currently conducted by Ethiel Failde, great-great-grand nephew of Miguel Failde, widely regarded as the creator of the danzón.
A team of musicologists scoured the archives of several Matanzas institutions such as the Provincial Library, the Concert Band archive and the local museum to find them, after detecting that despite the fact that the danzón was born in 1879 in this city, there were not many written signs of it until the first decade of the 20th century.
Among the 16 pieces that slept for more than a century, four are part of the album Joyas Inéditas, produced by the Egrem label with arrangements and interpretation by the Failde Orchestra, led by flautista Ethiel Failde. Recorded in February 2021, it contains the lost danzones “El naranjero,” “Cuba Libre,” “A La Habana me voy” and “Nievecita,” all compositions of Miguel Failde.
New Books, New Voices: A Virtual Conversation with the Authors
Dr. Anita Casavantes Bradford, UC Irvine
Elizabeth B. Schwall,
Assistant Professor of History
Northern Arizona University
As esteemed artists, Cuban dancers have often used their art to posit more radical notions of social justice than political leaders were able or willing to implement. After 1959, while generally promoting revolutionary projects like mass education and internationalist solidarity, they also took risks by challenging racial prejudice, gender norms, and censorship, all of which could affect dancers personally. This exciting new book sheds powerful new light on how dance, too often overlooked in histories of Latin America and the Caribbean, provides fresh perspectives on what it means for people, and nations, to move through the world.
Dr. Elizabeth Schwall has taught at Stanford University and the University of California, Berkeley; she also held a fellowship at New York University's Center for Ballet and the Arts, and was a postdoctoral fellow at Northwestern University. Her work has appeared in the Hispanic American Historical Review, Cuban Studies, Gender & History, and Dance Chronicle.
Michael J. Bustamante,
Associate Professor of History & Chair in Cuban-American Studies
University of Miami
For many Cubans, Fidel Castro’s Revolution represented deliverance from a legacy of inequality and national disappointment. For others—especially those exiled in the United States—Cuba’s turn to socialism made the prerevolutionary period look like paradise lost. Unsettling this familiar schism, this powerful now book excavates Cubans’ contested memories of the Revolution’s roots and results over its first twenty years, revealing how these battles over the past not only defied simple political divisions— but also helped shape the course of modern Cuban history.
Dr. Michael J. Bustamante is co-editor of The Revolution from Within: Cuba, 1959-1980 (Duke, 2019). He has written for the Journal of American Ethnic History, Latino Studies, Cuban Studies, and Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies.
Anita Casavantes Bradford,
Co-Director of UC Cuba & Associate Professor of Chicano/Latino Studies and History
University of California, Irvine
Our Moderator, Dr. Anita Casavantes Bradford is the author of The Revolution is for the Children: The Politics of Childhood in Havana and Miami, 1959-1962 (University of North Carolina Press 2014) and of the forthcoming book, Suffer the Little Children: Child Migration and the Geopolitics of Compassion in the United States (University of North Carolina Press 2022). Her work has appeared in Cuban Studies, Latin American Research Review, Journal of American Ethnic History, Diplomatic History, and the Journal of the History of Childhood and Youth.
Ada Ferrer's CUBA: An American History
Ada Ferrer's CUBA: An American History
The just released CUBA: An American History, is medicine codified as history.
It is a prodigious distillation of the best available scholarship on Cuba's history and U.S.-Cuba historical relations. Reading it you won't have to read several dozens books and hundreds of articles and documents in English and Spanish.
CUBA: An American History is everything the book blurbs and early reviews say it is. A masterpiece, a literary performance, an epic, sweeping , riveting, nuanced, fluid, informative, remarkable work of history.
Ada Ferrer, a Professor of History at NYU, is a distinguished historian of Cuba who has previously written two prized-winning monographs: Insurgent Cuba: Race, Nation, and Revolution, 1868-98,University of North Carolina Press, 1999, and Freedom's Mirror: Cuba and Haiti in the Age of Revolution, Cambridge University Press, 2014.
Her most recent book is a necessary, obligatory reference for Cuba scholars.
Sixty Years After the Bay of "Pigs" - Playa Girón Invasion
Sixty Years After the Bay of "Pigs" - Playa Girón Invasion
Entrance to Museo Playa Girón
A view down the hall of the Museo of Playa Giróm
The Bay of Pigs Monument is a monument in honor of the fallen of the Bay of Pigs Invasion in Little Havana, Miami, Florida.
On April 17, 1961, a group of Cuba exiles who opposed the government of Fidel Castro launched a landing operation, financed and directed by the U.S. government, near the Bay of Pigs on the southwestern coast of Cuba. The actual landing took place at Playa Girón in the vicinity of the Zapata swamps. The event is remembered in Cuba as the Invasión por Playa Girón.
The failed attempt attempt which lasted until April 20 has been repeatedly analyzed in the U.S. by academics, journalists, military experts, diplomats, and political figures. It has been variously called a "perfect failure," a "brilliant disaster," and so on. It served to increase the prestige of the Cuban government internationally. The debacle accelerated a closer relationship between Cuba and the Soviet Union and paved the way for the Cuban missile crisis of October 1962. During the October crisis the U.S. and the Soviet Union stood at the brink of nuclear war for 13 days, the most dangerous period during the Cold War.
The name Bay of Pigs, Bahía de Cochinos, was a reference not to actual pigs, but to a common colorful tropical fish called "cochino" very abundant in the area, also known as "pejepuerco" because their mouths resemble a pig's snout. Known in English as triggerfish.Below a few links to articles and a video about the Bay of Pigs-Playa Girón invasion.
Cuban War of Independence | February 24, 1895
The Cuban War of Independence began in February 24, 1895, a national holiday in Cuba. The outstanding campaign of the war was the Invasion from East-West of the entire island led by the brilliant military leader General Antonio Maceo. An operation that covered 1000 miles in 96 days defeating many times technically and numerically superior forces of the Spaniards, the Invasion turned the entire Cuban countryside into pro-independence rebel territory.The troops under Maceo's command called him the "Bronze Titan" because of his exceptional physical strength and resistance to bullet or blade injuries. Maceo was killed in combat on December 7, 1896.
Today Jan 28th the birth of José Martí is celebrated in Cuba.
Photo by David Shankbone | Statue of José Martí in Central Park, New York City
Independence activist, he was an eminent orator, poet, novelist, and literary critic. In New York, where he founded the Cuban Revolutionary Party, he wrote frequently for major newspapers in Latin America about life and events in the United States.
Martí was regarded by Guillermo Cabrera Infante as "one of the greatest writers in the Spanish language" and "a true original". Octavio Paz attributed to Martí the first ‘modernista’ poem that broke with poetic codes traditional in Spain. Lezama Lima and Cabrera Infante both considered Martí’s “Diario de campaña” the finest poem written by a Cuban poet.
Niagara Falls illuminated with the colors of the Cuban flag
On Jan 28, birth date of José Martí, Cuba's national poet and independence leader, Niagara Falls was illuminated with the colors of the Cuban flag: white, blue, and red.
Cuba has a special relationship with Niagara Falls since, in exile in the United States, the poet José María Heredia dedicated a poem exalted by the beauty of the natural break and longing for his homeland in the 1820s.
A bronze plaque with the image of Heredia and the verses of his "Ode to Niagara" remains located on a stone wall to one side of the waterfall, as a souvenir of his visit to the place.
108 Cuban Voices
Cuba has a centuries-old choral music tradition and its choirs are highly regarded around the world. An international choral festival is held every November in Santiago de Cuba.
Recently choirs from several Cuban cities organized a virtual choral event bringing together 108 singers. The occasion was the celebration of 60 years of the foundation of the Orfeón Santiago by the celebrated arranger Electo Silva, and to honor Digna Guerra, for 45 years the Director of the Coro Nacional de Cuba. 108 Cuban voices interpret Silva’s arrangement of “Juramento,” a signature song by Miguel Matamoros, a Santiago musician considered a foundational figure of the son cubano. Link at the bottom.
In the time of Covid, choir members around the world can only rehearse and perform virtually. Each individual must control for light, background and sound, using whatever device available, i.e. laptop, cellphone, etc. Singing to a guide track, each participant records and uploads a video of their part, which often requires many “takes.” Next the video is mixed, mastered, synced, and edited together with the rest of the ensemble. Given the difficult conditions of internet and wifi access in Cuba, putting together this large virtual choir, is a considerable feat of art and technology.
Moving Beyond Words: Responding to Racialized Injustice in the United States.
- UC-Cuba Statement by Anita Casavantes Bradford
Caribbean Transnational Synergies II
Life in the Time of COVID-19: The Poetics and Politics of Immobility in Haiti, the Dominican Republic and Cuba
Thursday, May 21 | 4:00-5:30pm PDT | Location: Zoom Video Conferencing
This panel discussion offers short presentations and discussion about the situation of Covid 19 in Cuba, Haiti and the Dominican Republic from the perspectives of three scholars with years of experience in these contexts.
Join us at: https://ucla.zoom.us/j/92821059322
- Nancy Burke, Professor of anthropology and public health at University of California, Merced
- Dr. César Herrera, Director of CEDIMAT Centro Cardiovascular, Santo Domingo
- Rodrigo Bulamah, Post-doctoral fellow at the Graduate Program of Social Sciences, Federal University of São Paulo (Unifesp), Brazil
Caribbean Transnational Synergies
2020 UC-Cuba Graduate Student Conference and Workshop
A Musical Exchange Between New Orleans And Havana
Environmental historian Reinaldo Funes (University of Havana and Yale) will be visiting the Bay Area next week
Why Does Cuba Matter?
Monday, April 1 | 2:00 - 3:30 PM | COB2 - 392
Rafael J. Betancourt, Ph.D.
Professor of Urban Economics,Colegio Universitario, San Gerónimo de La Habana
Abstract: Recent transformations in the Cuban political and economic system form part of an alternative model of development to those currently existing in the region and other parts of the Global South. What are these main changes? What model of socialism is being crafted in Cuba and what are its perspectives? What can it contribute to other countries if it succeeds?
Biography: Consultant for Sol2 Economics, a progressive consulting firm based in Berkeley, California, and The Center for Responsible Travel (CREST), a non-profit organization devoted to increasing the positive global impact of responsible tourism. Professor Betancourt is the author of Construyendo socialismo desde abajo: La contribucion de la Economía Popular y Solidaria (Editorial Caminos, La Habana, 2017), and co-author, with Martha Honey, Jannelle Wilkins and José Luis Perelló, of Por el Mar de las Antillas: 50 años de turismo de cruceros en el Caribe (Ediciones Temas, La Habana, 2018). He has numerous published articles and is a frequent speaker in Cuba and the US on economics and tourism in Cuba. Born in Cuba and educated in the United States, he currently lives in Cuba and shares his time between the two countries.
Click Here to Download Flyer
MALPASO dance company
UCI-Humanities Gateway 1002 - March 19, 2019 | 4:00 - 5:00 pm
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CUBAS LIVED & IMAGINED
UC-CUBA GRADUATE CONFERENCE - February 1, 2019 | UC Berkeley
Click Here to Download Conference Program
Two major presentations by Leonardo Padura in Northern California
Screening followed by Q & A with Leonardo Padura and filmmaker Lucía López
Living and Writing in Havana explores the connection of Leonardo Padura’s writing to the Cuban capital. The documentary also highlights the impressive reception his novels have in Cuba and the close relationship with readers through the iconic character Mario Conde.
When: October 4th
Location: McCormick Screening Room, Humanities
Preceded by a light reception 3:30 pm, Humanities Gateway Courtyard
UCI School of Humanities,
School of Social Sciences and
UC-Cuba Academic Initiative
Cuban Research Institute
Steven J. Green School of International & Public Affairs
Call for Panels and Papers
Twelfth Conference on Cuban and Cuban-American Studies
Cuba and Puerto Rico: Two Wings of One Bird?
February 14–16, 2019
The Cuban Research Institute (CRI) of Florida International University continues its tradition of convening scholars and other persons interested in the study of Cuba and Cuban Americans by announcing its 12th Conference. We encourage the submission of panels and papers concentrating on any aspects of the main conference theme, but will consider all submissions relevant to the history, economy, politics, culture, society, and creative expression of Cuba and its diaspora.
In 1893, the Puerto Rican poet Lola Rodríguez de Tió (1843–1924) published her patriotic text, "To Cuba." In this poem, she wrote: "Cuba and Puerto Rico are / two wings of one bird / they receive flowers or bullets / in the same heart." Generations of Cubans and Puerto Ricans have recited these verses as an expression of the solidarity between the two peoples and their shared cultural traditions. Arawak peoples inhabited both islands before their Spanish conquest and colonization beginning in the late 15th century. Cuba and Puerto Rico remained the last Spanish colonies in the Americas until 1898, when U.S. troops invaded the islands.
Whereas Cuba attained its formal independence in 1902, Puerto Rico became an unincorporated territory of the United States. U.S. political, economic, and cultural influence was pervasive in the two Antilles during the first half of the 20th century. Puerto Rico became a U.S. Commonwealth in 1952, but the United States broke diplomatic relations with Cuba in 1961, after the triumph of the 1959 Cuban Revolution. For several decades during the Cold War, Cuba and Puerto Rico represented countermodels for economic and political development.
The Twelfth Conference on Cuban and Cuban-American Studies takes Rodríguez de Tió's famous metaphor of the "two wings of one bird" as a cue for comparative academic inquiry and public debate. Our main theme, the relations between Cuba and Puerto Rico, invites interdisciplinary approaches to the multiple, complex, and often contrasting links between the two countries, both historically and in current times. Although we welcome discussions about the recent situation and the future of Cuba and Puerto Rico, we invite a thorough retrospective examination of the social, economic, political, and cultural dimensions of the intertwined histories of the two countries. We are especially interested in assessing the contribution of the islands' diasporas to the growing "Latinization" of the United States, particularly in Florida.
Research Travel Grants
Published: March 10, 2018
The UC-CUBA Academic Initiative will award up to six $1,500 research and travel grants to University of California graduate students conducting Cuba-related research in any field. Preference will be given to first-time proposals for initial research explorations, and for completing advanced projects.
Interested applicants should submit a brief (2-page maximum) statement that outlines the project and explains how it advances their planned course of study or dissertation completion, accompanied by a budget, a short CV, and a letter evaluating the project from the applicant's adviser. Those receiving the awards will be expected to present their work at a UC-CUBA seminar in early 2019.
Please submit your proposals and any questions to firstname.lastname@example.org
The deadline for submission of proposals: April 15, 2018. Awards will be announced by May 1, 2018.
Report on UC-CUBA Academic Initiative Trip to Santiago de Cuba and Holguín
Published: December 12-19, 2017
Office of City Curator, Santiago de Cuba
UC-CUBA Co-Director Nancy J. Burke (UC Merced) and Professor Emeritus and Executive Secretary Raul Fernandez (UC Irvine) traveled to Cuba from Dec 12-19 to conduct research and explore new avenues for scholarly and cultural collaboration. Professors Burke and Fernandez visited several academic and cultural centers in Santiago and Holguín. In Santiago they visited the Curador de la Ciudad Office1, the Emilio Bacardí Museum, the Museo de la Lucha Clandestina, the Casa de las Tradiciones, the Loyola Center, the Patio Artex, the Casa de la Trova, the Casa Velázquez, and the Casa del Caribe. At Casa del Caribe, Professors Burke and Fernandez viewed Casa’s collection of Afro-Cuban religious artifacts, discussed the religious lineage of the institution and reflected on the UC graduate students, most notably UC Cuba alum and now-UCSD Assistant Professor Hana Garth, who have worked with Casa.
It has been four years since Hurricane Sandy devastated much of the city of Santiago de Cuba. Professors Burke and Fernandez made an informal assessment of current economic and social conditions in the city and evaluated potential accommodations for UC-CUBA graduate student researchers. They noted improvements in the marina area2 and toured restored areas of the city, in particular the complete refurbishment of the famed Santa Ifigenia Cemetery which now includes the Fidel Castro’s burial vault. They also observed the transformation of the city’s main commercial area into a pedestrian zone, and the development for tourism of the areas surrounding the majestic San Pedro de la Roca (El Morro) Castle. Finally, they assessed the conditions of emblematic sites including the city’s Cathedral and historic San Juan Hill.
In order to advance his current research, Professor Fernandez met with members of the son musical ensembles La Familia Valera Miranda and la Orquesta Típica de Santiago de Cuba. Both Professors Burke and Fernandez met with Mr. Pérez Ung, a noted local radio music programmer, to discuss a range of topics related to issues of cross-cultural communications.
In Holguín Professors Burke and Fernandez visited the the University of the Arts (ISA-Filial Holguín) and Union of Writers and Artists of Cuba (UNEAC).
Professors Burke and Fernandez were welcomed at the ISA Holguín by Linguistics Professor Orlando Cedeño; they gave a short colloquium to a group of faculty and students. Cuban faculty members expressed great interest in Professor Fernandez’s publications on Cuban Jazz, and the colloquium included a lively interchange about Cuban popular music, including the contemporary rock-and-roll movement in Holguín. Professors Burke and Fernandez held several additional consultations with Professor Cedeño, who educated them on the history of opera in Holguín, including current productions and training opportunities.
At the Union of Writers and Artists of Cuba (UNEAC) Burke and Fernandez met with Director Manuel Pérez González to discuss how to nurture future relations between the Union and UC Cuba.
Finally, as part of her ongoing research on health and aging in Cuba, Professor Burke met with older adults struggling with caregiving responsibilities for elderly family members, as well as several undergoing advanced stages of cancer treatment. Through ISA Professor Orlando Cedeño, Burke also established new contacts with a gastroenterologist and an endocrinologist, continuing to expand her network of key informants on the Cuban healthcare system.
Co-Director and Professor, Nancy J. Burke, UC Merced
Co-Director and Professor, Anita Casavantes Bradford, UC Irvine
Associate Director and Professor, Hanna Garth, UC San Diego
Secretary and Professor Emeritus, Raul Fernandez, UC Irvine
8th UC-CUBA Graduate Student Conference at UC Irvine
UC-Cuba Statement on DACA
Published: September 8, 2017
Between 1959 and 1965, hundreds of thousands of Cubans fled political instability, repression, violence and material deprivation in their homeland. Under three consecutive US presidents, they benefited from executive actions that allowed them to live and work in the United States without immigrant visas and that provided millions of federal dollars for their resettlement, healthcare and education. In 1966 Congress acted to regularize the immigration status of these Cubans, most of whom had entered the US as "parolees" or on long-since expired tourist visas. The Cuban Adjustment Act granted these parolees and visa overstayers permanent resident status and provided them with an expedited path to US citizenship--though most of them declined to become citizens until the 1980s.
The recent decision to rescind the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) executive action that has provided temporary stays of deportation and work authorization to more than 800,000 undocumented young people--whose families have similarly fled political instability, repression, violence and material deprivation in their own home nations--has been justified by some as a corrective to an unprecedented and potentially unconstitutional overreach of executive power.
Today's Cuban American community owes its origins to just such an exercise of executive power.
As scholars of Cuba and its diaspora, we are not qualified to evaluate the constitutionality of these immigration-related executive actions. We nonetheless feel compelled to point out that they are not without precedent. Moreover, the history of the now prosperous Cuban American community, which has contributed so much to the social, cultural and economic life of the US, is just one example of the ways that our nation has benefited from the careful exercise of executive power to facilitate the integration of undocumented immigrants in our society.
The more recent history of DACA-mented youths' educational and professional accomplishments, their unwavering record of community engagement and desire to assume the full responsibilities of citizenship, provide further proof of the ways that executive action on behalf of unauthorized immigrants has enriched our national life.
As they did with the 1966 Cuban Adjustment Act, it is time for Congress to pass legislation allowing the 800,000 plus DACA-mented youth--as well as their hard-working, law-abiding undocumented family members--to regularize their immigration status and to live among us without fear, as equal members of the communities to which they have already contributed so much.
Anita Casavantes Bradford,
Ph.D. Co-Director, UC Cuba Academic Initiative
Associate Professor, Chicano/Latino Studies and History
University of California Irvine
UC Office of the President
September 8, 2017